Railroads, Line-Haul Operating
Norfolk Southern Corporation, together with its subsidiaries, engages in the rail transportation of raw materials, intermediate products, and finished goods in the United States. The company transports agriculture, forest, and consumer products comprising soybeans, wheat, corn, fertilizers, livestock and poultry feed, food products, food oils, flour, sweeteners, ethanol, lumber and wood products, pulp board and paper products, wood fibers, wood pulp, beverages, and canned goods; chemicals consist of sulfur and related chemicals, petroleum products comprising crude oil, chlorine and bleaching compounds, plastics, rubber, industrial chemicals, chemical wastes, sand, and natural gas liquids; metals and construction materials, such as steel, aluminum products, machinery, scrap metals, cement, aggregates, minerals, clay, transportation equipment, and military-related products; and automotive, including finished motor vehicles and automotive parts, as well as coal. It also transports overseas freight through various Atlantic and Gulf Coast ports; provides commuter rail passenger transportation services; and operates an intermodal network. As of December 31, 2022, the company operated approximately 19,100 route miles in 22 states and the District of Columbia. Norfolk Southern Corporation was incorporated in 1980 and is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia.
Discounted Cash Flow Valuation of Norfolk Southern Corp
In the chart Earnings are multiplied by this value.
High margins render the company resilient under dire circumstances, hence able to drive competitors out or acquire them. ROE and ROA measure the average flow generated by each invested dollar. Their marginal value is a forecast of future growth, and it is considered by Buffett and Munger the most important single indicator.
The average Net Margin over the past 5 years is +28.6%.
The trend of Net Margin over the past 5 years is -3.43%.
The average ROA over the past 5 years is +10.55%.
The trend of ROA over the past 5 years is +0.31%.
The average ROE over the past 5 years is +21.58%.
The trend of ROE over the past 5 years is -0.77%.
Being debt the number one cause of investment losses and company death, the ratio Debt/FCF is of utmost importance to guarantee safety. On the other hand the Graham’s stability measures the drawdown of earnings, hence indicating the reliability of the flow generated by the company.
The Debt/FCF trailing twelve month is 14.52.
The trend of Debt/FCF over the past 5 years is -0.14.
Graham’s Stability measure stands at 0.56.
Growth can be dangerous when forecasting, simply projecting the current growth is in general wrong. A company passes through multiple phases, from being young and unprofitable, to the first periods of profitability and high growth, until it arrives at a period of regime with limited growth. Identifying in which phase the company is in may help forecasting.
The Revenue CAGR over the past 5 years is +3.85%.
The trend of Revenue growth rate over the past 5 years is +1.52%.
The Earnings CAGR over the past 5 years is -9.56%.
The trend of Earnings growth rate over the past 5 years is -0.94%.
The Equity CAGR over the past 5 years is -4.89%.
The trend of Equity growth rate over the past 5 years is -2.1%.
The FCF CAGR over the past 5 years is +8.25%.
The trend of FCF growth rate over the past 5 years is -0.25%.