Industrial Inorganic Chemicals
Linde plc operates as an industrial gas company in North and South America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and the Asia Pacific. It offers atmospheric gases, including oxygen, nitrogen, argon, and rare gases; and process gases, such as carbon dioxide, helium, hydrogen, electronic gases, specialty gases, and acetylene. The company also designs and constructs turnkey process plants for third-party customers, as well as for the gas businesses in various locations, such as air separation, hydrogen, synthesis, olefin, and natural gas plants. It serves a range of industries, including healthcare, chemicals and energy, manufacturing, metals and mining, food and beverage, and electronics. The company was founded in 1879 and is based in Woking, the United Kingdom.
Discounted Cash Flow Valuation of Linde Plc
In the chart Earnings are multiplied by this value.
High margins render the company resilient under dire circumstances, hence able to drive competitors out or acquire them. ROE and ROA measure the average flow generated by each invested dollar. Their marginal value is a forecast of future growth, and it is considered by Buffett and Munger the most important single indicator.
The average Net Margin over the past 5 years is +14.3%.
The trend of Net Margin over the past 5 years is -1.68%.
The average ROA over the past 5 years is +5.46%.
The trend of ROA over the past 5 years is +0.62%.
The average ROE over the past 5 years is +10.53%.
The trend of ROE over the past 5 years is -2.43%.
Being debt the number one cause of investment losses and company death, the ratio Debt/FCF is of utmost importance to guarantee safety. On the other hand the Graham’s stability measures the drawdown of earnings, hence indicating the reliability of the flow generated by the company.
The Debt/FCF trailing twelve month is 3.53.
The trend of Debt/FCF over the past 5 years is -0.95.
Graham’s Stability measure stands at 0.92.
Growth can be dangerous when forecasting, simply projecting the current growth is in general wrong. A company passes through multiple phases, from being young and unprofitable, to the first periods of profitability and high growth, until it arrives at a period of regime with limited growth. Identifying in which phase the company is in may help forecasting.
The Revenue CAGR over the past 5 years is +25.93%.
The trend of Revenue growth rate over the past 5 years is -14.26%.
The Earnings CAGR over the past 5 years is +22.55%.
The trend of Earnings growth rate over the past 5 years is -26.65%.
The Equity CAGR over the past 5 years is +50.04%.
The trend of Equity growth rate over the past 5 years is -191.46%.
The FCF CAGR over the past 5 years is +33.86%.
The trend of FCF growth rate over the past 5 years is -6.89%.