Lazard Ltd, together with its subsidiaries, operates as a financial advisory and asset management firm in North America, Europe, Asia, Australia, and Central and South America. It operates in two segments, Financial Advisory and Asset Management. The Financial Advisory segment offers various financial advisory services regarding mergers and acquisitions, restructurings, capital advisory, shareholder advisory, capital raising, sovereign advisory, and other strategic advisory matters. This segment serves corporate, partnership, institutional, government, sovereign, and individual clients across various industry areas, including consumers, financial institutions, healthcare and life sciences, industrials, power and energy/infrastructure, and real estate, as well as technology, telecommunication, and media and entertainment. The Asset Management segment offers a range of investment solutions, and investment and wealth management services in equity and fixed income strategies; asset allocation strategies; and alternative investments and private equity funds to corporations, public funds, sovereign entities, endowments and foundations, labor funds, financial intermediaries, and private clients. Lazard Ltd was founded in 1848 and is based in Hamilton, Bermuda.
Discounted Cash Flow Valuation of Lazard Ltd
In the chart Earnings are multiplied by this value.
High margins render the company resilient under dire circumstances, hence able to drive competitors out or acquire them. ROE and ROA measure the average flow generated by each invested dollar. Their marginal value is a forecast of future growth, and it is considered by Buffett and Munger the most important single indicator.
The average Net Margin over the past 5 years is +13.57%.
The trend of Net Margin over the past 5 years is +0.33%.
The average ROA over the past 5 years is +10.78%.
The trend of ROA over the past 5 years is -1.39%.
The average ROE over the past 5 years is +42.63%.
The trend of ROE over the past 5 years is +3.98%.
Being debt the number one cause of investment losses and company death, the ratio Debt/FCF is of utmost importance to guarantee safety. On the other hand the Graham’s stability measures the drawdown of earnings, hence indicating the reliability of the flow generated by the company.
The Debt/FCF trailing twelve month is 18.21.
The trend of Debt/FCF over the past 5 years is 0.14.
Graham’s Stability measure stands at 0.42.
Growth can be dangerous when forecasting, simply projecting the current growth is in general wrong. A company passes through multiple phases, from being young and unprofitable, to the first periods of profitability and high growth, until it arrives at a period of regime with limited growth. Identifying in which phase the company is in may help forecasting.
The Revenue CAGR over the past 5 years is +1.14%.
The trend of Revenue growth rate over the past 5 years is -1.06%.
The Earnings CAGR over the past 5 years is +6.77%.
The trend of Earnings growth rate over the past 5 years is -15.09%.
The Equity CAGR over the past 5 years is -11.71%.
The trend of Equity growth rate over the past 5 years is -6.17%.
The FCF CAGR over the past 5 years is -4.77%.
The trend of FCF growth rate over the past 5 years is -2.64%.